Port Wine Stains

Port-Wine Stain (PWS) occurs in an estimated 3 children per 1,000 live births. PWS is a pink to purple birthmark composed of an abnormal collection of dilated blood vessels present beneath the skin. The PWS was named so because the skin appears as though a red, pink or purple liquid, such as port wine, has been poured over it. The cause of PWS is unknown. The red or burgundy patch on the skin slowly darkens and thickens in the first several decades of life, which may develop localized thickenings (blebs) that can bleed or become infected. Unlike Hemangiomas, Port-Wine Stains grow proportionately as the child grows. PWS do not go away by themselves and will thicken, darken and lead to deformity without treatment.

We have been treating PWS and various birthmark types for over 30 years. Dr. Gerald Goldberg and team have set the “Gold Standard” of treatment for birthmarks with advanced approaches to managing them. Our care is customized and we guide our patients every step of the way. Our goal is to improve. A birthmark can be checked during a medical visit and we can let you know if there could be any concern for complications ahead and what treatment options are available. See our incredible patient Before and After images here.

Symptoms: 
Thickened, red/purple or burgundy colored papules over the Port-Wine Stain which may bleed; red/purple facial stain may be associated with seizures, glaucoma, and intellectual and developmental disabilities (Sturge Weber Syndrome).

Treatments: 
Pulsed Dye Laser (Candela Vbeam Perfecta).

For more information, please visit our library.

Click here for a printable patient handout.

Before and After


Devices used to treat this condition:

  • Cutera® Excel V
  • Pulsed Dye Laser

Treatments for this condition:

  • Port Wine Stain Removal
  • Red Birthmark Removal

Next, read about hemangioma.

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